Obstetrics & Gynecology, and Fertility
Obstetrics, gynecology (OB/GYN), and fertility refer to the medical and surgical specialty involving or affecting the female reproductive organs. Southern Indiana Surgery Center (SISC) offers a wide range of OB/GYN and fertility surgical procedures to treat all manners of conditions that affect these reproductive organs.
Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Brandt L. Ludlow, MD
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Andy J. Stafford, MD
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Southern Indiana Physicians Women’s Health
2920 McIntire Dr, Suite 250, Bloomington, IN 47403
Alice Lillette Wood, MD
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Obstetrical Surgery and Gynecologic Surgeries
Gynecologic surgeries deal with a broader field encompassing women’s general health and conditions pertaining to their reproductive organs. Obstetrical surgery is focused on women during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the postpartum time period. Fertility surgeries are also performed by OB/GYN specialists at SISC to correct structural cases of infertility.
Our OB/GYN surgeons have extensive training in:
- Women’s general health
- Pre-conceptional care
- Prenatal testing
- Labor and delivery
- Postpartum care
SISC also offers subspecialty surgeries in the areas of:
- Gynecologic oncology
- Maternal-fetal medicine
- Reproductive endocrinology and infertility
Common Gynecology Surgeries and Procedures Performed at SISC
Cervical cryosurgery (cervical dysplasia): Procedure in which a section of the cervix is frozen to destroy abnormal cervical cells that can be precancerous
Dilation and curettage (D&C): Brief procedure during which the cervix is dilated and the uterine lining is scraped or suctioned to remove tissue or to diagnose or treat growths
Adhesiolysis (lysis of adhesions): Bands of scar tissue (adhesions) are removed or divided to restore organ function or alleviate pain
Colporrhaphy: Surgical repair of enteroceles (hernias) or defects in the vaginal wall
Endometrial ablation: Removal of the thin layer of tissue which lines the uterus, usually performed to treat heavy menstrual bleeding
Hysterectomy (abdominal or vaginal): Removal of the uterus, oftentimes in conjunction with the removal of other parts of the reproductive system
Pelvic laparoscopy (pelviscopy): Thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision in the lower abdomen or belly button to examine reproductive organs, obtain tissue samples, repair damaged organs, and/or remove scar tissue or ovaries
Oophorectomy: Surgical procedure which can be performed vaginally, laparoscopically, or with a laparotomy during which one or both ovaries are removed
Trachelectomy: Removal of the cervix while leaving the rest of the uterus intact
Tubal ligation: Often referred to as having one’s “tubes tied”, the procedure essentially sterilizes a female by cutting and blocking/tying the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
Urinary incontinence surgery: Minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotically assisted procedures are available to treat pelvic organ prolapse (dropping)
Uterine suspension: Surgical procedure to correct a uterus that has prolapsed into the vaginal cavity
Vaginal vault suspension: Treatment of pelvic prolapse through restoration of the vaginal cavity by reinforcing the supportive structures
Cervical cerclage: Cervix reinforcement procedure which is performed during pregnancy to keep the cervix from opening too early
Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), also called uterine artery embolization: Minimally invasive treatment in which a thin catheter is inserted through the groin or wrist to release particles that block the blood vessels and deprive the fibroid of nutrients, thus shrinking it
Vulvectomy: Partial or complete removal of the vulva, usually in cases of cancer
Fertility Surgery at Southern Indiana Surgery Center
Infertility caused by structural problems within the reproductive organs can often be corrected with a minimally invasive, outpatient procedure. Conditions or contributors that can hamper pregnancy include:
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Ovarian cysts
- Uterine polyps
- Pelvic adhesions
- Scarring in the uterine cavity
- Uterine septum
Infertility surgical procedures offered at SISC include:
- Hysteroscopy: Polyps, fibroids, or scar tissue can be removed during this incision-free procedure in which a thin, lighted tube is inserted through the cervix to examine the uterine cavity.
- Abdominal laparoscopy: Two or three tiny incisions are made in the pelvic region and abdomen to enable the surgeon to view the reproductive organs and treat conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids, and blocked fallopian tubes.
- Myomectomy: Infertility can be treated with surgery to remove fibroids from the uterine wall and repair the uterus if needed.
- Tubal surgery: Blockage or other abnormalities in the fallopian tubes can be surgically corrected in some cases. Damaged fallopian tubes may also be removed or blocked artificially to increase the chance of a successful in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
Many OB/GYN procedures at SISC can be performed utilizing the da Vinci Surgery System. This cutting-edge robotic surgery can aid in complex procedures allowing the surgeon to employ a minimally invasive approach. The da Vinci robotic system allows for increased precision and surgeon comfort, as well as greater visualization and dexterity.
The OB/GYN specialists at SISC offer individualized, high-quality, compassionate outpatient care using the least invasive surgical techniques to every patient we treat.
Disclaimer: These pages are not intended to provide medical or surgical advice or physician instruction on medical care or treatment. If you are a patient, consult with your doctor about treatment options that may be appropriate for your medical condition.